Monument of Van Don a�� Quang Ninh trading port

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Van Don trading port
Van Don trading port

Van Don is the first port of foreign trade in our country. Van Don is belonged to Van Hai archipelago, Van Don district today, located in the southeast of Halong Bay. Large-scaleA�commercial port of Van Don in a busy time was noted by archaeologists.

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Lam pagoda

Lam pagoda
Lam pagoda

In addition to the detection of trace of commercial operations in Van Don, the archaeologists also found religious architecture, temples and towers. Only the Cong Dong island has four Buddhist temples and stupas. Among them, Lam pagoda with a large area was built in Tran dynasty. This pagoda was built at the western mountainside of Cong Dong island, opposite the marina in the eastern mountainside. The relics of Tam Quan pagoda, Ho pagoda, Buddhist temples, Thuong Dien, pedestal, lotus and balconya��showed that the relic of Lam pagoda is the important Buddhist center of islands region.

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3 km from Lam pagoda to northeast of the island, on the high hill of Cong Dong islandA�there are ruins of a brick stupa. The outside is decorated with a dragon pattern, inside is a leaf (La de). In the relics, there are 13 fragments of an ivory-colored porcelain vase. This porcelain vase contains bone ashe of a monk whose life was associated with Buddhist center of Lam pagoda. Based on the size of this relic, we can predict the scale of the massive size of this stupa, at least equivalent to Pho Minh tower built in Nam Dinh in Tran dynasty.

Van Don a�� Quang Ninh trading port

Van Don trading port
Van Don trading port

Above all, Van Don is a great trading port and the items exchanged with foreign merchant ships here include forestry products, seafood, spices and silk. However the main item from the Ly dynasty to Tran dynasty is still crockery that the fragment while loading the upper deck into the marina is an illustration. From the port of Van Don, Vietnamese ceramics were taken to sell in Japan, China, Southeast Asia, even as far as Eastern Europe.